Lesson 3 of 17
In Progress

Electric Vehicle Timeline

The history of the EV dates back to the 1800s. Experiments with electricity to power mechanical devices accelerated during this time.  In 1890, William Morrison demonstrated the first practical electric automobile in Des Moines, Iowa. Basically, an electric horseless carriage, Morrison’s electric vehicle could carry up to twelve passengers on three bench seats. The race between EVs and internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles began. In 1900 about 1 in 3 cars in the United States was electric. EVs were promoted as quiet, easy to drive, and that they didn’t emit smelly pollutants. Before the electric self-starter (invented by Charles Kettering) was introduced in Cadillac vehicles in 1912, a driver would use a hand crank to start an ICE vehicle. The hand crank could kick back and injure or kill the person cranking the engine. This was the same year that about 30,000 electric cars were sold in the United States. The electric self starter made ICE vehicles much easier to start for all drivers. Studebaker announced in 1912 – “The production of electric automobiles at South Bend has ended. . . It has been conducted for nine years without much success, and ultimately the superiority of the gasoline car (is) apparent.” Henry Ford’s Model T moving assembly line in 1914 significantly moved automotive production to focus on ICE vehicles.

1827

Anyos Jedik develops electromagnetic self rotor (stator, rotor, and commutator)

1832

William Sturgeon develops commutator DC electric motor

1832

Robert Anderson develops rudimentary electric carriage

 

1837

Thomas Davenport patented commutator-type DC electric motor

1890

William Morrison demonstrates his Electric Automobile in Des Moines, Iowa (first practical electric automobile)

1899

Baker Motor Vehicle Company (Baker Electrics) formed featuring Electric Vehicles

 

1899

Columbia (Motor Car Company) formed featuring Electric Vehicles

 

1900

About 1 out of 3 cars are Electric in the United States

 

1900

The first Lohner-Porsche Electromobile with an electric wheel hub motor was presented at the Expo in Paris

1902

Studebaker, previously a builder of horse drawn carriages/wagons, starts to produce Electric Vehicles

1906

Baker Motor Vehicle Company produces 800 Electric Cars

 

1907

Detroit Electric Car produced by the Anderson Electric Car Company

 

1912

30,000 Electric Cars were sold in the United States

 

1964

GM developed the Electrovair concept car

1971

NASA Lunar Roving Vehicle runs on electricity

1974

Sebring-Vanguard manufactures the CitiCar

 

1996

California Air Resources Board (CARB) signed a Memoranda of Agreement (MOA) with auto manufacturers making them produce demonstration fleets of Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs)

1996

General Motors EV1 produced

 

2003

Tesla Motors formed

 

2008

Tesla Roadster produced

 

2009

Mitsubishi i-MiEV produced

 

2010

Nissan LEAF produced

 

2017

Tesla Model 3 produced

 

2020

500,000th Nissan LEAF produced

 

2020

Tesla Model 3 surpasses Nissan Leaf to become the world’s best-selling electric car in history

 

2021

Virtually every automotive manufacturer is producing or has plans to mass-produce electric vehicles

 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. By continuing to use this website, you accept the use of cookies and accept our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.